Lutein and Zeaxanthin Image

All About Lutein and Zeaxanthin

You may have heard about these ingredients already, since we very often feature them on our blog. These two nutrients often go hand in hand and are essential to maintain your vision and prevent certain diseases. Lutein and zeaxanthin are the power couple of the eye nutrient world. Without them, we’d all be at risk of developing cataracts and macular degeneration. Because these nutrients are already found in the retina of the eye, keeping the levels high is extremely important.

What Are Lutein and Zeaxanthin?

Lutein and its companion nutrient, zeaxanthin, are two carotenoids that are found in the retina of our eyes and in highly pigmented vegetables. The main purpose of lutein and zeaxanthin is to absorb light to prevent damage.

When lutein-rich vegetables are left out in the hot sun, these nutrients absorb excess light and prevent cell damage. In the eyes, it means that we have built-in sunglasses! To see, light needs to make its way to the retina. But when too much light is let in, it can burn and scar the retina.

Some traces of lutein and zeaxanthin are also found in the macula of the eye and in the lens. These two parts of the eye are often affected by disease and loss of vision because they are two sensitive parts of the eye.

Lutein and Zeaxanthin ImageStudies have also shown that lutein and zeaxanthin work as antioxidants in the body. Antioxidants fight dangerous free radicals  that can cause severe cell damage. Sometimes, cell damage can lead to the death of the cell.

This is also true in vegetables and fruits. When free radicals form, they attack the cells of the food, making them inedible and rotten. But lutein and zeaxanthin-rich  foods can last a lot longer, and are also a lot healthier.

Your Eye Health

You may have heard all about how important vitamin A is to your eyesight, but lutein and zeaxanthin aren’t too far behind on the list of most important ocular nutrients. Because they’re already present in the eye, we know how important they are to maintaining health and preventing seriously harmful diseases.

How do you know if the levels of lutein and zeaxanthin in your eyes are enough? Well, you don’t – until it’s too late. But, the darker the pigment in your eyes, the more likely you are to have high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin.

Our friends with blue and light green eyes are lucky to have some of the prettiest and rarest eye colors, but they also have a lot less pigmentation. This only means that they need to work extra hard to get the right amount of lutein and zeaxanthin into their bodies.

With a low count of lutein and zeaxanthin, your eyes don’t have the natural protection that they need. You can obviously don an awesome pair of UV resisting sunglasses, but what happens when you forget them in the car or at home and you’re stuck on a sunny beach without any protection?

For those with dark eyes, lutein and zeaxanthin will kick in and help protect our retinas from the sun (but you shouldn’t rely solely on that; don’t forget your sunglasses).

By monitoring your lutein and zeaxanthin intake, not only are you protecting your eyes naturally from harmful rays, you’re also preventing diseases like cataracts and macular degeneration. Cataracts form as a result of age, but also as a result of excessive light. When too much light enters the lens, it allows protein in the eye to build up, causing clouded and loss of central vision.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, on the other hand, is a little different. As the name suggests, this condition is a result of the macula portion of the eye degenerating. This is often due to age, which is why it is sometimes referred to as age-related macular degeneration.

The macula is where most carotenoids reside. When the count of carotenoids is low, it can increase your chance of macular degeneration, especially as you age. However, lutein and zeaxanthin extract has been shown to help in aiding those with onset macular degeneration. The nutrients work to slow down the progression of the condition.

All in all, lutein and zeaxanthin are extremely valuable to your eyes. If you only have time to take one nutrient today, it should be this one (or rather, these ones). It’ll help prevent these diseases (or slow the progression if they’ve already kicked in) and keep your vision clear.


Before we get to the types of foods that contain great levels of lutein and zeaxanthin, let’s talk about other places you can get these nutrients. Sometimes, we don’t have an hour to cook a proper meal. For those days, we have handy and quick supplements!

First and foremost, you can get your daily needed dose of lutein and zeaxanthin from our amazing Ocu-Plus Formula. In a single pill, you’ll be getting all the carotenoids you need in addition to 16 other essential ingredients for sharp eyes.

If for whatever reason this fails to interest you, lutein and zeaxanthin supplements alone are also sold in pill form. But why choose just one nutrient when you can have all of them?

Top Foods Containing Lutein and Zeaxanthin

So supplements aren’t for you. That’s ok! Studies have found that 40 percent of Americans have trouble swallowing pills. If you’re part of that 40 percent, you’ll just need to eat some delicious food in lieu of a supplement. Not such a terrible trade, is it?

There are a lot of foods out there that will get you a good amount of lutein and zeaxanthin. We’ll list our favorite foods in just a minute. But if you ever find yourself in the grocery store, forgetting our list of foods, don’t worry. The rule of thumb is the brighter the vegetable (or fruit), the higher in carotenoids.

Top 10 foods with lutein and zeaxanthin:

  • Spinach
  • Sweet bell peppers (especially yellow ones)
  • Kale
  • Corn
  • Broccoli
  • Oranges (and orange juice)
  • Squash
  • Melon
  • Kiwi
  • Zucchini
  • Carrots

Lutein and zeaxanthin are best absorbed by the body when eaten with a high in fat meal.

These two nutrients together will help prevent diseases and keep your eyes healthy. Your body produces it naturally and they’re available in supplements and a very wide variety of foods. There’s no reason not to be healthy!

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Join or Start the Discussion

  1. Avatar for Tyler Sorensen Geoffrey says:

    Awesome information!!!!!

  2. Avatar for Tyler Sorensen Lynette Reed says:

    Great information. I pass this information on toy elderly friends who do not have a computer and often find that they hey have eye problems. Thanks again.

  3. Avatar for Tyler Sorensen Ruhiye Kayra says:

    Thanks a lot for the very precious knowledge you let us learn. To day I forgot to take my sunglasses on and got back home with one eye almost blood red. Thanks again

  4. Avatar for Tyler Sorensen G.Veeraswamy says:

    Highly usefull

  5. Avatar for Tyler Sorensen Anonymous says:

    Very much needed information !!!

  6. Avatar for Tyler Sorensen Kanakadurga says:

    Very helpful information.

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About the Author

Avatar for Tyler Sorensen

Tyler Sorensen is the President and CEO of Rebuild Your Vision. Formerly, Tyler studied Aeronautics (just like his brother) with the dream of becoming an airline pilot, however, after 9/11 his career path changed. After graduating top of his class with a Bachelor of Science in Informational Technologies and Administrative Management, he joined Rebuild Your Vision in 2002. With the guidance of many eye care professionals, including Behavioral Optometrists, Optometrists (O.D.), and Ophthalmologists (Eye M.D.), Tyler has spent nearly two decades studying the inner workings of the eye and conducting research.


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